LXXXII GRANTING OF A CONSTITUTION 511 would have a majority, there was much dissatisfaction and confusion. It was said that the popular cause had been betrayed, and the President was insulted. The Constitu- tion, however, was signed and ratified both by the Shah and by his heir. This was the last act of Muzaffar-u-Din, who died a few days later. The New Order.—There is no doubt that the events of 1906 ended the Old Order and brougfit into existence the New. What the future may be, whether Persia, which gained so bloodless a victory over absolutism, will prosper under a constitutional form of government or not lies on the knees of the gods. My task, for the present, at any rate, is finished ; and I can only wish the amiable and interesting people among whom I have lived the best years of my life in close touch with all classes of the community, a future comparable to that illustrious past which I have attempted^however inadequately, to describe.